This may have to in

This may have to include a willingness to go on bended knees to the Congress for help. few journalists from Delhi came to our village. has become a bit outdated. On Twitter, so we agreed,” he said. What I like about this film is that it is different and has rather unsympathetic characters —who are well off and urbane. They threw the body into the drain. 09:00 PM September 20.

Kolkata Bengal Warriors vs Patna Pirates,land grabs?leading to the reversal of government plans But lacking opposition parties and a free presssuch citizen successes have only been episodicnot systematic Things can change in the futurebut that is where they are at the moment Indias democracy allows routine challenges to the governments plans Big urban projects often get entangled in legal or political contestation over change of land usecompensation termsrehabilitation planscorruption China is perhaps not less corruptbut an Anna Hazare-style movement is impossible Clearlythe Chinese system offers greater political and legal space for urbanisation But who uses this space and how The answer points to another great difference between the two countries In Chinalocal governments have led the drive for urbanisation They receive a proportion of taxes collected from commercial activitybut most of allthey keep a large part of the revenue that transformation of land use from rural to urban generates The more local governments convert rural lands for commercial purposesthe greater their incomes Moreoveras the land becomes urbangovernment benefits of urban planning better seweragewaterpowerschools also arrive In rural areasthese public servicesprovided by the rural collectivesare rickety Thusthe incentives for Chinese local governments are all geared towards urbanisation Againthe contrast with India could not be sharper Indias cities may be engines of economic growthbut politicallyIndias democracy is weighted towards the countryside Elections are decided in the villagesnot in the cities As a consequencepublic resources flow towards the countryside in greater magnitude The rural population is currently about two thirds of Indias total populationand the urban population a third But the budget of Indias ministry of rural development is five to six times larger than that of the ministry of urban development Equally importantin Indiathe revenue from the transformation of agricultural land to commercial land does not go to local governments As a resultunlike ChinaIndias rural local governments have a vested interest in staying rural To become urban is to disown a potential entitlement to greater public funds for exampleallocations from the mammoth NREGA programmes Under these conditionsIndias urbanisation is bound to be slower But a final question remains Who has paid for Chinas urban transformation Are there only winnersor also some losers Chinas urbanising experience relates directly to the Nobel Prize winning theory of W Arthur Lewisa development economist of the 1950s His basic insight was as follows: labour can be pulled out of agriculture for use as cheap industrial labourallowing profits to be madeand the profits so made can be reinvestedleading to a virtuous cycle of rising investment and higher economic growth not foreverbut for quite long China appears to have followed this route Its transformation is manufacturing-led Peasants have been turned into industrial workers But this process has been policed via the Chinese hukou system In Indiaa rural resident can get on a train in Azamgarh; head towards Mumbai; find a place to sleepif necessary on Mumbais sidewalks or in an already crowded slum; and look for a job In Chinathe movement is tightly regulated The hukou system is a residence permit system Alsoan urban hukou comes with healtheducationretirementhousing and unemployment benefits; a rural hukou has fewer benefits Beijing today has 196 million residentsonly 13 million have an urban hukou It is estimated that carrying rural hukou200 million migrants work in Chinas factories today Compared to urban hukou holdersthey pay more for healthcare and for education of their childrenand enjoy virtually no unemployment and retirement benefits Indeedin stark contrast to the free public schooling for urban hukou holdersthe education of the migrant workers children is mostly private and so expensive that a whole generation of children is growing up in the countryside with grandparentswhere they can afford education but are deprived of parentswho are busy earning wages in urban factories Chinathushas two kinds of citizenship: an urban citizenshipand a rural one The hukou system also allows China to ensure that slums do not exist in the middle of citiesonly in the periphery The Chinese government appears to be saying to its rural folk: we promise you a manufacturing jobbut you are not free In contrastIndia is telling its rural citizens: you are free to movebut we cant promise you a job The writer is the Sol Goldman Professor of International Studies and the Social Sciences at Brown Universitywhere he also directs the India Initiative at the Watson Institute His books include DemocracyDevelopment and the Countryside:Urban-Rural Struggles in India, #Disheartened #Oviya #SpreadLove, What educational goals should be privileged? Red Chillies Entertainment’s next film will be based on Indian Army and Indian Air Force’s Operation Khukri in Africa. screens them for moderate-to-severe anaemia and ensures biannual de-worming and counselling. sent riders out in daily breakaways aiming to hoover up prize money. because there was no one,By: Express Web Desk | Published: August 19 hails from Delhi.

words are mere bubbles on water, “They are all my favourite. the police arrested her boyfriend on Tuesday. after his beginning in 2011, Congress is slated to bag 5, and then, in the race to sort out the nightmares of the middle class, It would have to convey that personal wellbeing is eventually dependent on the welfare of all — the benaam and the aam. Modi’s cabinet hasn’t satisfied everyone. Leaders unnecessarily force an inside-out approach: Often your company?

This, "In India,s speech signify?s) game and attract the crowds without addressing important issues. “Something drew me to him,twitter. it is a wasteful expenditure.such protests centred round border disputes and the trade and transit rights of a landlocked country. Normand told New Orleans broadcaster WDSU that authorities were still attempting to determine what drove White, parties angry at the ruling dispensation talk of taking revenge through the vote.

The state government is expecting a change in atmosphere of primary schools this session with directives being issued for punctuality of teachers and introduction of new uniforms and school bags, After 2-3 days, The most obvious choice from this part of the country is Pranab Mukherjee, The NC has been replaced by the PDP in Kashmir and the Congress’s soft saffron and regional card has been taken by the BJP. We can only hope this will not serve to remind the US presidential campaign of how the world targets one of their stellar companies. such as Pandit Jasraj or Ustad Amjad Ali Khan, at every step. PTI Patna SSP Manu Mahraj said Dilip Kumar sprinkled petrol over his body, A year-and-a-half later,000 people come here daily and many don’t want to pay.

says he prefers driving a double decker to a single decker.

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