A document uncovered by Harvard’s student newspaper included ratings of the attractiveness of female players as well as sexually explicit comments.University President Drew Faust called the behaviour “appalling”.The team, currently in first place in the Ivy League, will forfeit the rest of its games this season.In what reports indicate may be a yearly tradition, male soccer players at Harvard circulated documents with pictures of their female counterparts, rating their attractiveness from one to 10 and giving reasons for their decisions.They also noted which sexual position they thought the women in question would prefer.Until recently, the Harvard Crimson newspaper reports, documents from 2012 were publicly accessible through a former team’s Google Group.’Not isolated’Ms Faust said an investigation had found that the tradition had continued to the current season.She wrote that she “was deeply distressed to learn that the appalling actions of the 2012 men’s soccer team were not isolated to one year or the actions of a few individuals”.Ms Faust added in a statement: “The decision to cancel a season is serious and consequential, and reflects Harvard’s view that both the team’s behaviour and the failure to be forthcoming when initially questioned are completely unacceptable, have no place at Harvard, and run counter to the mutual respect that is a core value of our community.”Last week after the original story came out, the female players in question said they were “appalled that female athletes who are told to feel empowered and proud of their abilities are so regularly reduced to a physical appearance”.In an opinion piece published in the Crimson, they said: “More than anything, we are frustrated that this is a reality that all women have faced in the past and will continue to face throughout their lives.”The university’s director of athletics, Robert Scalise, said: “It’s very disappointing and disturbing that people are doing this.”Any time a member of our community says things about other people who are in our community that are disparaging, it takes away from the potential for creating the kind of learning environment that we’d like to have here at Harvard.”The men’s soccer coach Pieter Lehrer wrote in a statement to the Crimson that the team was “beyond disappointed that our season has ended in this way, but we respect the decision made by our administration”.
Manchester United’s Jesse Lingard will start for England in Saturday’s friendly against Nigeria at Wembley Stadium and manager Gareth Southgate believes there is no reason why he can’t play alongside Dele Alli.Lingard, who usually operates in an attacking midfield role, scored 13 goals for United last season in all competitions – his most productive campaign yet at Old Trafford.While some observers believe the 25-year-old is competing for the same spot in the England side as Tottenham’s Alli, Southgate says that isn’t the case.“I don’t see it as a straight contest between any individual, absolutely they could play together,” Southgate told a news conference ahead of the match at Wembley.“All of our attacking players have different attributes or strengths. Jesse is a fantastic player at recognising the space, working away from the ball, a great link between midfield and attack,” he said.But Southgate gave no clues as to who would start in goal for England with Jack Butland, Jordan Pickford and Nick Pope the three goalkeepers in the World Cup squad.“We know what we want to see in that area and we’re clear on what we think. There’s no need for me to say too much on that publicly,” said Southgate.“I’ve told the players what we’re looking for in these two matches and haven’t told them the team yet.”Southgate added that Manchester United central defender Phil Jones would miss the Nigeria match after he was allowed to leave the training camp as his partner is due to give birth.Much media attention in England has been focused on forward Raheem Sterling’s new tattoo which features an assault rifle and which was described as “disgusting” by anti-gun campaigners.Sterling said the tattoo had a “deeper meaning” adding that he would “never touch a gun in my life” and Southgate defended the player.“Tattoos are very personal. A lot of our players have tattoos and they are wrapped up in a lot of deep stories. I don’t see why we should be involved in policing that,” said the England manager.The Three Lions kick off their World Cup campaign in Russia against Tunisia on June 18 and also play Panama and Belgium in Group G.
Whether G20 countries embrace responsible climate policy is of critical importance, since together they account for roughly 80 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions and 80 percent of global GDP. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has announced responsible climate policy as a goal of this year’s G20 Summit in July. In the lead up to the Summit, WRI researchers will take a close look at G20 countries’ progress toward meeting their targets under the Paris Agreement through our G20 Climate Progress blog series.Mexico has been a leader amongst developing countries addressing climate change, showing willingness and determination to decouple carbon emissions and economic growth. The country aims to reduce its emissions 22 percent below 2000 levels by 2030; 50 percent by 2050.The country is using carbon pricing as a key policy instrument, presented as a carbon tax in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement and as emissions-permit trading in its Mid-Century Strategy (MCS). Because carbon pricing is also under discussion in many other countries, including China, Singapore and Kazakhstan (though currently in a hiatus), a close look at how Mexico is implementing its carbon pricing may highlight useful lessons for others moving towards a similar system.Here are three steps the Mexican government has taken to establish more comprehensive carbon pricing: The Mexican Congress passed a tax on carbon from fossil fuel use, charging $3.50 per ton of emissions. Natural gas was zero-rated initially as a relatively “clean” fossil fuel and in order to boost political acceptance of the tax. The carbon tax is expected to reduce annual carbon emissions by 1.6 million tons of greenhouse gas emissions and generate almost $1 billion in revenue annually. Under the General Climate Change Law, Mexico launched MÉXICO2, a voluntary exchange that provides carbon credits to companies that develop environmentally friendly projects in the country. These credits can be used to offset costs from the carbon tax. The Mexican Stock Exchange (BVM) operates the program, making it one of only seven stock exchanges in the world to offer environmental markets. The Key to Hitting Mexico’s Emissions TargetRecent WRI analysis shows that expanding Mexico’s modest carbon price to an economy-wide carbon tax could be a key to achieving the country’s emissions-reduction targets. By setting a carbon price of $15 per ton of emissions, the study found that Mexico could see 12 percent of the emissions reductions needed to meet the objectives of its NDC.A strong carbon price will induce the electricity sector to shift away from high-carbon fuels and, to a more gradual extent, the transportation sector to shift toward cost-effective alternative fuels and vehicles. It may also provide enough incentives to reduce emissions in other economic sectors by shifting investments to more cost-effective, low-carbon alternatives.The analysis recommends that crucial government agencies—such as the Secretariats for the Environment and Natural Resources, Energy, and Finance and Public Credit—increase support for an effective carbon tax. In particular, the study recommends removing the political and social barriers and uncertainty about economic impacts of the tax in different sectors. The current carbon market exercise may help.Moving ForwardIf the Carbon Market Exercise is effective, it will help the government draft clear rules for the actual carbon market planned for next year, which is expected to cover up to 40 percent of Mexico’s greenhouse gas emissions. That first-of-its-kind market in Latin America, if successful, will be an example for the rest of the region, sending positive signals and potentially aligning with or even linking to efforts in the United States (California) and Canada (Quebec and Ontario).EDITOR’S NOTE: 4/14/17: A previous version of this blog post stated that the Mexican Congress exempted natural gas from a carbon tax. We have since amended the post to indicate that the Congress gave natural gas a zero-rating initially. In November 2016 at COP22, Mexico launched the Carbon Market Exercise, or Ejercicio de Mercado de Carbono (EMC), an initiative jointly managed by MÉXICO2 (Plataforma Mexicana de Carbono) and the BMV Group in cooperation with the Secretariat for the Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT). The exercise is a carbon market simulation (no real emissions will be traded) to help companies get familiar with the way carbon trading works. At the same time, it will provide useful information to the government for defining the rules of a real carbon market, which the country plans to draft by the end of 2017 and implement in 2018. About 50 companies are currently participating, having just completed phase 0 at the end of March 2017, and are now transitioning toward Phase 1, where the first trading auctions will take place. Participating firms represent 13 sectors of the Mexican economy, including two of the largest emitters, the state-owned electricity (CFE) and oil (PEMEX) companies.